Challenges of ICT Skills Development in EastAfrica

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Challenges of ICTSkills Developmentin East AfricaGeoffrey Mark KagaruraMakerere University.
Bridging the ICT Skills Gap through collaboration betweenThe Industry and the Academia in the East African Region Kigali 20th June 2016 Introduction The skills in Africa are yet to match the needs of the employers There.
is need to look at the school ecosystem from primary to the tertiarylevels to be able to identify the challenges ICT has enormous potential to improve learning methods and overallquality of education offer greater accessibility and mobility and supportwider access to lifelong learning .
Africa has 226 million1 people only 15 24 group alone in 2015 effortsshould be channeled towards ensuring that these youths are fully andconstructively engaged in ICT to play a critical role 500bn Today IT holds the promise to promote social inclusion combatcorruption expand the digital economy and enable stronger links.
between citizens and governments businesses and customers NGOsand the communities they serve 1 UN 2015 http www un org en development... PopFacts 2015 1 pdf ICT Skills or e skills .
The definition for ICT skills is more related to e SkillsThe European E Skills Forum define three major typesof e skills ICT practitioner skills ICT user skills and.
e Business skills UK definition e Skills is extended to include members of society using technology for private This ranges from the ability of businesses tounderstand and gain competitive advantage from the.
http www europeaneskills eu ba... e skills UK Document The Tech Partnershipexploitation of IT through to the IT user skills every Comparative areas of skills Types of ICT Skills e skills .
Professional vs proficiency ICT skills shortage vs skills mismatchHuman resources play in anInformation and Knowledge BasedEconomy A primary capital in nations.
to play a dominant role in the globalscientific cultural economic and Challenges to skillsdevelopmentQuantifying the skills.
ICT skills availability is very difficult to ascertain The skills categories are diverse e g programmers technicians developers designers level of computer usage or proficiency varies per qualification ICT environment is ever changing Every 10 years a technology becomes obsolete changes every year .
Employer or Social demands are diverse matching skills to jobs or development Data collection procedures and results are ill defined and difficult to interpretInternet connectivity unaffordable to many Africans coverage is low .
bandwidth is low broadband is expensive Project monitoring e infrastructure appropriaten... effectiveness etc Challenges to skillsdevelopment Investment or funding of ICTtraining initiatives.
initially dependent and largely dependent on external funding sustainability is affected when external funding endsInadequately ratified sectoral specific ICT policies Low focus on initiatives suggestive of ICTs outside the lineministry in some E Countries.
Negative view of legislation Interception of Communications Act2010 Uganda Electronic communication Act 2015 Tanzania Limited depth of programmes Cover the selected areas especially urban Limited scope e g student training only without instructors.
Challenges to skillsdevelopment ICT illiteracy the inability to use digital tools communication technology and networks to manipulate and relay information .
Limited depthLimited content is a disincentive Few companies government initiatives online even websites Poor design layout navigationCyber crime and poor netiquette.
pornography cyber terrorism including radicalisation publicationof illegal content social engineering cyber prostitution electronic fund transfer fraud telecom fraud software piracy identity theft scamming online abuse and hacking Challenges to skills.
development Cultural issues Low integration into indigenous cultures and Foreign influence especially social Lack of trust on both government and users.
Digital divide Gender male vs female Urabanisation Rural Urban Standardizations of training Not harmonized many participants Lecturers engineers technicians Employers cant assess the level available.
Foreign based e g CISCO Microsoft vs local training centresLow intra sector and inter sector integrations E g health and social health and e commerce Governmentdepartments Solutions to ICT Skills.
Quantifying the skills Quantify and categorise the skills through studies Register the skills through e portals or database e g linkedin style Skills harmonization and standardisation Establish gaps and the new skills required based on gaps.
Job evaluation or re evaluation mechanisms Retooling existing skills Industrial training and internships e g graduates lack of in servicetraining makes skills obsolete Encourage employers to enhance current skills Versus demanding.
new skills Regional Competitions and challenges Solutions Innovation Hubs and Clusters Technology transfer incl Sharing of facilities theoretical and practical skills and.
know how among the producers and the consumers of knowledge HiveColab Implement ICT education initiatives that Introduce new learning methods at both primary and secondary level schools Improve the infrastructure available in schools computers multimedia tools etc use of eLearning techniques and train teachers to use ICT in the teaching process .
Improve the quality of education for science and technology greater accessibility and mobility and support wider access to lifelong learning Developing peer to peer networking knowledge sharing at grassroots level Tanzania ICT policy 2016 Solutions .
Infrastructure Backbones equipment tax incentives ICT training centres Solving Universal access and Digital divide Encourage partnerships among public private and community at all.
levels in support of universal access Creating incentives for service providers to deploy services in ruraland underserved disadvantaged groups Integrating ICT within lifestyles and cultures Documenting Culture online community resource centres etc .
Valuing and Promoting Scientific Cultural and Economic Heritage ofthe Country Solutions Enhance online services through ICT income tax central excise company affairs property registration .
passport and Visa municipalities police pensions land records Road transport e courts employment Agriculture Boost local content Increase ICT expenditure as a of GDP Promote a Competitive Economic Sector.
Private and public partnerships Sharing of experiences Clear openness Regionally international best practices Improving the Legal Regulatory and Institutional Framework.
Success stories Lessons to Mauritius1 Integrating ICT into lower curriculum More hours a week of ICT Reducing pupil to computer ratio Electronic services data protection cybercrime online child.
protection Support Boost ICT Exports Increase ICT expenditure as a of GDP Ability to train skilled workers or develop new technologies Presence of established companies and multinational corporations.
Entrepreneurial drive in population to start new ventures Availability of venture capital to help ensure ideas make it to marketMauritius CT Development Index IDI 72 above China SA Kenya 124 2 Uganda 129 2 Tanzania 157 Rwanda 164 Ethiopia 16510 19 20 Source ITU Measuring the Information Society Report 2015.
Key comparisons ICT plansNational Strategy in ICT 2012 Ministry for ICT info Comms MoICT National backbone NEPAD e schools.
National Strategy in ICT 2015National Strategy in ICT 2014 Ministry for ICT and Youth MYICT Ministry for ICT ICT National backbone.
National backbone one laptop per child one laptop per childBurundi National Strategy in ICT 2015National Strategy in ICT Ministry for Comm S T .
Ministry for Telecommunications National backboneNational backbone one laptop per child Key comparisons broadbandUganda Broadband InfrastructureStrategy National Position.
Paper 2009Rwanda KenyaRegional Connectivity 2013 National Broadband Strategy Infrastructure Program RCIP 2006 Vision 2030National Information Communication and.
Burundi ICT National Projects for BroadbandTechnologyConnectivity Burundi Community Telecentre Network BCTN 2011 Broadband Backbone NICTBB 2004Broadband commission org .
10 19 20 NationalBBPolicies 2015 Thank youincome tax, central excise, company affairs, property registration, passport and Visa, municipalities, police, pensions, land records, Road transport, e-courts, employment, Agriculture. Boost local content. Increase ICT expenditure as a % of GDP. Promote a Competitive Economic Sector. Private and public partnerships. Sharing of experiences

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