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Chapter 4 Toward a Psychology of StressModern man is sick because heis not whole Carl Gustav Jung. Mind Body ConnectionIs the mind a function of the brain a series ofbiochemical reactions or is it a separateentity unto itself This one question perhaps more than any.other initiated the discipline of psychology Mind Body ConnectionIn this chapter we will look at how themind perceives stress so that the antiquated stress response can be.updated or recircuited highlightingsome specific aspects of the psychologyof stress Psychological nature of stress This chapter will Sigmund Freud .review the nature of Carl Gustav Jung stress from a Elisabeth Kubler psychological view Several theories will Viktor Frankl be explored including.the theories and views Wayne Dyer of Leo Buscaglia and Abraham Maslow Sigmund Freud.Freud believed that humans maintain a levelof instinctual tension that arises from bothinternal sources instinctual impulses andexternal sources which attack our ego orThe ego copes with stress through the use of.a host of defense mechanisms includingdenial repression projection rationalization displacement and humor Sigmund Freud In Freud s opinion there is a constant.instinctual tension between body andmind as the mind attempts to cater to thebiological and physiological impulsesin socially acceptable ways This internal tension can be decreased but.because of the power of human instincts it is never fully extinguished Sigmund Freud segg metaphor Carl Gustav Jung. Freud s prot g Midlife crisis Synchronicity Archetypes Shadow. Iceberg Dreams Carl Gustav JungJung theorized human personality as aprocess of self discovery and.realization a concept he referred to asindividuation Individuation involves not only theculmination of childhood experiencesbut a spiritual life force that shapes.one s being and life direction Carl Gustav JungJung also suggested that there is a certainlevel of innate tension psychic tension which exists due to the language barrier.between the conscious and unconsciousIndividuation can reduce this tension througha continual soul searching that builds abridge of understanding between theconscious and unconscious mind . Elisabeth Kubler Ross the death of unmet expectations Kubler Ross believed that stress can bearoused through the death of unmetexpectations which produces a series of.mental processes These processes are denial anger bargaining depression and acceptance Resolution of emotional baggage leads one tothe final stage acceptance which enhances.inner peace Viktor Frankl a search for the meaning of life Frankl s psychological theories center aroundthe concept of human pain and the meaning.of suffering Frankl believed that for life to be completethere must be suffering but that there mustalso be a search for the meaning of thesuffering to resolve the issues of emotional. Viktor Frankl a search for the meaning of life Logotherapy Tragic optimism Noo dynamics. Spirituality Wayne Dyer guilt and worry Dyer believes that guilt and worry areassociated with virtually every stressor.perceived by people in America Guilt is an expression of self anger worry a manifestation of fear Wayne Dyer guilt and worry .Guilt and worry immobilize the thoughtprocesses distract one from the presentmoment and thus make one unable toconquer stress and attain inner peace Wayne Dyer. guilt and worry Erroneous Zones Left over guilt Self imposed guilt The art of worrying . Leo Buscaglia the lessons of self love Buscaglia believes that love is a response toa learned group of stimuli and behaviors itis not innate but taught .Buscaglia believes there are many degrees oflove from joy to grace but there is onlyone love that which leads to the positivegrowth process of self discovery Leo Buscaglia. the lessons of self love Chronic stress and low self esteem Self love and the X factor Self love and self acceptance Abraham Maslow. the art of self actualization Maslow developed a humanistic approach topsychology that placed emphasis onpersonality traits those reflections of innerresources that seem to help people cope.with stress and achieve psychologicalMaslow s theory of motivation suggests thathumans operate on a hierarchy of needs thatinfluence behavior Maslow s hierarchy of needs.2 Be fo tu ali1 Sa lon rs zaPh fet gin elf ti onys y ne gn esio ed es tee.log s sa mSigmund Freudâ€™s egg metaphor Carl Gustav Jung Freudâ€™s protÃ©gÃ© Midlife crisis Synchronicity Archetypes Shadow Iceberg Dreams Carl Gustav Jung Jung theorized human personality as a process of self-discovery and realization, a concept he referred to as individuation.