Combined Phthalates and BPA Workshop Presentation

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Public Workshop for Ortho phthalates and Bisphenol A and Their Alternatives in Food PackagingNovember 19 20199 00 AM 12 00 PM.
Department of Toxic Substances Control CalEPA Thank you for participating You may access today s presentation as well as publicbackground documents on the DTSC Safer ConsumerProducts Workshops and Webinars page at .
https dtsc ca gov scp safer co... ps events For those of you viewing the presentation on the Web youmay ask questions or make comments viaSaferConsumerProducts dtsc ca ... .
Public comment period opens today on CalSAFER and willrun until December 19 2019 2 Safer Consumer Products frameworkAs designated by 23 authoritative bodiesDTSC selects Product Chemical.
combinations that may cause harmManufacturer evaluation of alternativesDTSC considers range of possible responsesCalifornia Code of Regulations title 22 Chapter 55 Safer Consumer Products Sections 69501 through 69510.
Food Packaging What do we mean by Food Packaging Food packaging was defined in our 2018 2020Priority Product Workplan as Any product that is used to package hot cold .
frozen or room temperature food or beverageitems for sale to restaurants and grocery stores orfor retail sale to consumers Ortho Phthalates in Food PackagingRob Brushia Ph D Research Scientist III.
Safer Consumer Products ProgramRobert Brushia dtsc ca govDepartment of Toxic Substances Control CalEPA What are Ortho phthalates OPs Why are we concerned with OPs in food.
packaging Questions for stakeholders What are OPs OPs are dialkyl or alkyl esters of1 2 benzenedicarboxylic acid.
All OPs are captured as a group or class on DTSC s Candidate Chemical List The use of OPs in food packaging Plasticizers make hard brittle plastics especiallyPVC more flexible and durable.
Trends in biomonitoring data suggest the use ofOPs in food packaging is decreasing A recent study confirmed OPs are still in somefood packaging products Carlos Katherine S Lowri S de Jager and Timothy H Begley 2018 .
Investigation of the Primary Plasticisers Present in Polyvinyl Chloride PVC Products Currently Authorized as Food Contact Materials FoodAdditives Contaminants Part A 35 6 1214 22 What types of packaging contain OPs The paper by Carlos et al suggests OPs are still being.
used in cap gaskets 50 of the cap gaskets for non alcoholic bottledbeverages tested contained an OP 67 of the cap gaskets for bottled beers contained an OP 17 of packaged food jar cap gaskets contained an OP.
two manufactured in the U S one imported fromMexico and one imported from India Why are we concerned with OPs Diet is considered a major exposure pathway Biomonitoring has shown widespread human exposure.
Hazard Considerations Developmental and reproductive toxicity carcinogenicity mutagencity Endocrine disruption Sensitive subpopulations may include children .
pregnant women and workers Some have been banned in certain children s products See California Code of Regulations title 22 sections 69402 6 a and 69402 6 b 5 A word about alternatives to OPs.
It has been suggested that some manufacturersare switching from OPs to alternative plasticizers Diethylhexyl adipate DEHA appears to be acommon alternative Observed in PVC food service wraps and gaskets of.
caps for non alcoholic bottled beverages DEHA is on DTSC s candidate chemical list due toreproductive and developmental toxicity Discussion Questions Manufacturing.
Who manufacturers food packaging e g PVC laminates bottle cap liners pouches bottles can liners etc thatcontains OPs Are there any food packaging manufacturers in Californiathat make products with OPs .
Which OPs are currently used in food packaging and whatproducts are they used in What alternatives to OPs are being used in food packaging Discussion Questions Supply Chain.
Who manufactures and supplies the OPs to foodpackaging manufacturers Are there intermediaries converters involved whotake materials e g PVC film paperboard etc andassemble into a final food package product .
Are there manufacturers of OP containing foodpackaging found in the California market that arelocated outside the United States and if so who arethey and where are they located Discussion Questions.
Market Who in California purchases and uses packaging that maycontain OPs How much OP containing food packaging and what types is on the market in California .
Who makes bottle caps and gaskets sold in California thatcontain OPs Thank youIf you have questions feel free to contact me Rob Brushia.
916 324 0805Robert Brushia dtsc ca gov Ortho phthalates in FoodPackaging FVA perspectiveFlexible Vinyl Alliance.
Department of Toxic Substances Control CalEPA What is the Flexible VinylThe FVA is a coalition of trade organizations materials suppliers compounders formulators molders and fabricators who are currently concerned with regulatoryand legislative attempts to debate limit or de select flexible vinyl products in.
commerce The FVA provides messaging and advocacy on the proven safety economy and utility of flexible PVC a material used in a wide range of healthcare recreational military automotive building flooring construction andpackaging applications Which OPs are.
currently used in foodpackaging and whatproducts are they used Only four 4 OPs are currently used in foodcontact applications in the US.
FDA publishes US OPfood packaging FDAsurvey limited use FDA files industry expected tofor DINP DIDP abandonment announcepetition decision.
2016 2018 DEHP 2019Ma Ma No TBFood additive Industry files FAP FDA indicates itpetition to 26 OPs no is close torevoke longer used in finalizing its.
clearances for food contact decision on30 OPs filed industry FAPDINP DIDP DEHP DCHP FDA confirms that OPs have limited use infood packaging.
Uses consistent with existing FDA clearances for DINP 21 CFR 178 3740 DIDP 21 CFR 177 1210 177 2600 DEHP 21 CFR 177 1210 and DCHP 21 CFR 175 105 Conveyor belts Industrial tubing Sealing gaskets Component of non fatty food non fatty food non fatty food low adhesive labels for.
alcohol exterior of PP foodcontainers FDA Health Canada confirms that OPs arenot used in food wraps and films The United States is not an outlier in permitting the.
safe use of OPs in food contactNo official positivesDINP DIDP not afood safety concern Plasticizer forCanada food contact DINP DIDP added.
plastics to positives listSwiss FSVO inks EU JapandraftUS Plasticizer in single useSouth Koreaand repeated use.
DINP 21 CFR materials China Permitted for178 3740 Additives in food use in food DIDP 21 CFR contact PVC contact PVC177 1210 177 2600 Plasticizer in single use.
and repeated useMercosur AustraliaNo food packaging regulationDINP DIDP not a food safety DTSC can avoid duplicative efforts by waiting.
until the FDA phthalate review is complete DTSC recognizes that products in this category may already besubject to complex regulatory requirements implemented by anumber of authoritative bodies including local governments theU S Food and Drug Administration the U S Department of.
Agriculture the California Department of Public Health CalRecycle and others It is not DTSC s intent to duplicate or conflict with anyexisting statutory or regulatory requirements phthalates arephthalates are Ortho phthalate DTSC should.
used only inpermitted for use in food considernarrow foodsafe use in food contact or awaiting thecontact packaging in the outcome of the.
applications applications United States is FDA phthalatethey are notaround the minimal reviewused in food.
Public Workshop BPA and Its Alternativesin Food Packaging ProductsChris Leonetti Ph D Environmental ScientistSafer Consumer Products Program.
Christopher Leonetti dtsc ca g... Department of Toxic Substances Control CalEPA Today s Discussion What is BPA and how is it used in food packaging What is the relative safety and exposure potential of.
chemicals used in food and beverage can liners What are the alternatives to BPA and how are they used infood packaging Following the presentation please engage with us andprovide input.
Public comment period open for 30 days from today s date You may provide written comment to us via the CalSAFERwebsite https calsafer dtsc ca gov Bisphenol A Use in Food Packaging Products.
Epoxy based resins used in can linings Food cans soup vegetables etc Beverage cans soda juice beer Lids with linings glass jar lids bottle caps Other packaging linings.
We have limited knowledge of where BPA is still used in foodFigure 1 Polymerized BPA used in epoxy based resins 27 Bisphenol A Alternatives Use in Food Packaging Products There are numerous alternatives to BPA for the manufacturing.
of liners used in food packaging applications Many BPA alternatives are known to exhibit similar hazard traitprofiles as BPA and represent regrettable substitutions There is little industry transparency on what chemicalalternatives are used in place of BPA.
We have limited knowledge of What chemicals are used in BPA free food packaging Are different alternatives used in different food packagingapplications Bisphenol A Human Exposure.
Widespread biological andenvironmental detection Consuming foods or drinksthat contain BPA because Biological detection in all tissue they have been in contact Bisphenol Awith some types of BPA .
types Metal food or drink cans exposure Near ubiquitous human exposure jar lids or bottle caps Polycarbonate plasticindicates that BPA is migrating from tableware or cookware Swallowing consumer products Polycarbonate plastic touching or.
baby bottles or sippy cups breathing Diet is primary route of BPA made before July 2012 BPA in dust exposure for humans Plastic wrap BPA migrates out of food packagingFigure 2 BPA exposure sources.
containers and or linings and from OEHHA Prop 65 factsheet contaminates food items Bisphenol A Hazard TraitsSCP Candidate Chemical Authoritative Listings California Environmental EC Annex VI Carcinogenic .
Contaminant Biomonitoring Mutagenic or Toxic forProgram CECBP Priority Reproduction Chemicals Reproductive Tox Category Developmental Tox 1B Endocrine Tox.
Reproductive Tox Proposition 65 Reproductive Tox National Toxicology Program Officeof Health Assessment and Centers for Disease Control 4th.
Translation National Exposure Report Developmental Tox Reproductive Tox 30 Reproductive Tox.
Bisphenol A Adverse ImpactsBisphenol A BPA is an endocrine disrupting compound EDC Oestrogen mediated pathways structural similarity to E2 Human epidemiology studies collectively.
suggest adverse health outcomes Reproductive and developmental effects infertility Metabolic disease obesogenic effects Neurodevelopment and behavioral effects anxiety depression hyperactivity .
Cardiovascular effects heart disease heart attack hypertension Immunotoxicity Certain types of cancer Biologically active at very low concentrations.
Other Bisphenols and Alternatives Other bisphenol analogues showsimilar EDC capacities and Bisphenol Fpotential human health concerns The CC List currently contains 12.
bisphenols and 3 bisphenol likeBisphenol S We have only included BPS and BPF inour preliminary scoping due tothe amount of peer reviewed literature.
Glycidyl methacrylate Other Bisphenols and Alternatives We have also included a reportedBPA substitute glycidyl Bisphenol Fmethacrylate also on the CC List .
Carcinogenicity and Repro Tox 1B ECHA CMR Other liner materials Bisphenol S Acrylic resins Plant based resins.
Polyester resinsGlycidyl methacrylate Vinyls 33 Stakeholder Questions What types of food packaging currently contain BPA other.
bisphenols or bisphenol alternatives and how much is soldin California What alternatives to BPA other bisphenols are used in foodpackaging How has the safety of these alternatives beenevaluated .
What types of liners are used for food and beverage cans respectively Who are the manufacturers making food packaging productsReproductive Tox. Bisphenol A: Adverse Impacts. BPA is an endocrine disrupting compound (EDC): Oestrogen-mediated pathways – structural similarity to E2. Human epidemiology studies collectively suggest adverse health outcomes: Reproductive and developmental effects (infertility)

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