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Independent and SubordinateWhat They Are and How to UseBy Kalli Bradshaw Do you remember the difference betweena predicate . Identify the subjectand predicate in thisMary decided to go home after school Divide the sentence into these parts Mary decided to go home after school .Mary is the subject of the sentence becausethe sentence is describing somethingDecided to go home after school is the predicatebecause it describes what it isthat Mary did .If you can find the subject and predicate of a sentencethen you should have no trouble picking out theclause of the sentence A sentence clause is a group ofwords containing a subject and a.predicate and is used as a part of aThere are two main types of clauses Not this kind of Claus These types of clauses Independent.Subordinate An independent clause can stand alone ifremoved from the sentence When by itself an independentclause becomes a simple sentence .Example of two independent clauses Mary went straight to the bus stop after school butshe forgot to take her homework with her Mary went straight to the bus stop after school butshe forgot to take her homework with her . A subordinate clause does not express acomplete thought and cannot stand alone ifremoved from the sentence A subordinate clause is always combined in some waywith an independent clause . look for key words when which as while since because who When she finally reached home Mary remembered that herhomework was in her desk at school The subordinate clause in red cannot stand by itself.without the independent clause after the comma Can you identify the independent clauses in thesesentences Mary called Bob and he gave her the next day s homeworkassignment .Independent Clause 1 Mary called BobIndependent Clause 2 he gave her the next day shomework assignment Note how these clauses can be sentences all on their own Can you identify the independent and.subordinate clauses in these sentences After Mary finished her homework she ate dinner Independent Clause she ate dinnerSubordinate Clause After Mary finished her homework Another Example .I decided to make hamburgers for dinner whicheveryone in the family enjoys Independent clause I decided to make hamburgers for dinnerSubordinate clause .which everyone in the family enjoys Once you understand the difference betweenindependent and subordinate clauses you ll beready to learn about other types of clausesThe Adjective Clause.The Noun ClauseThe Adverb Clause ReferencesGriffith Francis and John E Warriner English Grammar andComposition Harcourt Brace World Inc New York .Note how these clauses can be sentences all on their own. Can you identify the independent and subordinate clauses in these sentences? After Mary finished her homework, she ate dinner. Independent Clause: she ate dinner. Subordinate Clause: After Mary finished her homework.