Layers and Lenses: Remarks on Russell Roberts’s How Adam ...

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Ten Thousand Commandments Adam Smith s Moral Sentiments as anEsoteric Critique of InterventionismBy Daniel Klein Mercatus GMU Ratio Institute The Ten Commandments.
Commutative JusticeNot messing with otherpeople s stuff Should I put a blanket on my Wayne Crews Competitive.
Enterprise Institute 175 496 Total Pages Adam Smith 1723 1790 The Theory of MoralSentiments.
or An Essay about how Mennaturally judge concerning theConduct and Character first oftheir Neighbours and afterwardsof themselves.
Two relationships1 The equal equal relationship2 The superior inferior relationship Encyclopedia of DiderotEXOTERIC and ESOTERIC adj .
The first of these words signifies exterior thesecond interior The ancient philosophershad a double doctrine the one external public or exoteric the other internal secret or Condorcet .
Wrote of thinkers in England and France covering the truth with a veil to spare eyes tooweak and leaving others the pleasure ofdivining it and seeming not to want morethan a semi tolerance in religion and a semi .
liberty in politics Leo Strauss 1899 1973 Arthur Melzer Melzer s book shows that Esotericism was widely practiced and.
acknowledged People debated its worthiness in the 18 th Around 1800 it declined sharply We have lost awareness of it Melzer s book.
Explains four purposes of esotericism Defensive Protective Pedagogical Political.
Provides a Beginner s Guide to Esoteric Reading Dissembling the true target I claim X about Y Exoteric The apparent target is Y Esoteric The true target is Z .
Today I treat three moments in TMS Part V of TMS Of the Influence of Custom andFashion 18 pages long.
strange and meandering Question Can custom and fashion deeply pervertmoral sentiments Answer Deep perversion cannot infect the generalstyle of character and behavior but the greatest.
perversion can occur in particular usages Infanticide a practice of ancient Greece Final paragraph of Part V There is an obvious reason why custom shouldnever pervert our sentiments with regard to the.
general style and character of conduct andbehaviour in the same degree as with regard to particular usages No society could subsista moment in which the usual strain of men sconduct and behaviour was of a piece with the.
horrible practice I have19 just now mentioned Commutative JusticeNot messing with otherpeople s stuff A few pages earlier.
Refined civilized societies excel in the soft amiable humane virtues Rude uncivilized societies excel in the awesome respectable virtues of self command Among rude and barbarous nations the virtues of self .
denial are more cultivated than those of humanity The savages in North America assume upon alloccasions the greatest indifference and wouldthink themselves degraded if they should everappear in any respect to be overcome either by.
love or grief or resentment Their magnanimityand self command in this respect are almostbeyond the conception of Europeans Self commandNo tenderness in love.
Insensibility and contempt in When a savage is made prisoner of war and receives as isusual the sentence of death from his conquerors he hears itwithout expressing any emotion and afterwards submits to themost dreadful torments without ever bemoaning himself or.
discovering any other passion but contempt of his enemies Whilehe is hung by the shoulders over a slow fire he derides histormentors and tells them with how much more ingenuity hehimself had tormented such of their countrymen as had fallen intohis hands .
After he has been scorched and burnt and laceratedin all the most tender and sensible parts of his bodyfor several hours together he is often allowed inorder to prolong his misery a short respite and istaken down from the stake he employs this interval in.
talking upon all indifferent subjects inquires after thenews of the country and seems indifferent aboutnothing but his own situation Every savage is said to prepare himself from his earliest youth forthis dreadful end He composes for this purpose what they call the.
song of death a song which he is to sing when he has fallen intothe hands of his enemies and is expiring under the tortures whichthey inflict upon him It consists of insults upon his tormentors andexpresses the highest contempt of death and pain He sings thissong upon all extraordinary occasions when he goes out to war .
when he meets his enemies in the field or whenever he has a mindto show that he has familiarised his imagination to the most dreadfulmisfortunes and that no human event can daunt his resolution oralter his purpose 26 The same contempt of death and torture prevails among all other.
savage nations There is not a negro from the coast of Africa whodoes not in this respect possess a degree of magnanimity whichthe soul of his sordid master is too often scarce capable ofconceiving Fortune never exerted more cruelly her empire overmankind than when she subjected those nations of heroes to the.
refuse of the jails of Europe to wretches who possess the virtuesneither of the countries which they come from nor of those whichthey go to and whose levity brutality and baseness so justlyexpose them to the contempt of the vanquished There is not a negro from the coast of Africa who does.
not in this respect possess a degree of magnanimitywhich the soul of his sordid master is too often scarcecapable of conceiving Fortune never exerted morecruelly her empire over mankind than when shesubjected those nations of heroes to the refuse of the.
jails of Europe to wretches who possess the virtuesneither of the countries which they come from nor ofthose which they go to and whose levity brutality andbaseness so justly expose them to the contempt of thevanquished .
Smith continues This heroic and unconquerable firmness is not required of thosewho are brought up to live in civilized societies Refinement softens manners the French and the Italians the two most polished nations upon the continent An Italian says the abbot D Bos expresses more emotion on being condemned in a.
fine of twenty shillings than an Englishman on receiving the sentence of death This animated eloquence which has been long practised in France and Italy is butjust beginning to be introduced into England So wide is the difference between thedegrees of self command which are required in civilized and in barbarous nations Final paragraph of Part V.
No society could subsist a moment inwhich the usual strain of men s conductand behaviour was of a piece with thehorrible practice I have just nowmentioned .
Why was Smith so indirect Britain banned the SlaveTrade in 1807Arthur Lee An Essay in Vindication 1764 William Wilberforce 1759 1833 .
Final section of TMS VII iv Of the Manner in which different Authorshave treated of the practical Rules ofMorality Apparently about equal equal relationships.
16 pages Two relationships1 The equal equal relationship2 The superior inferior relationship It was observed in the third part of this discourse that.
the rules of justice are the only rules of morality whichare precise and accurate that those of all the othervirtues are loose vague and indeterminate that thefirst may be compared to the rules of grammar theothers to those which critics lay down for the.
attainment of what is sublime and elegant incomposition Aesthetics Commutative Justicetics Praiseworthy.
BlameworthyGrammar Commutative Nature of the Rules precise and loose vague andaccurate indeterminate .
Rules for Writing Grammar rules which critics lay down forthe attainment of what is sublimeand elegant in composition Rules for Conduct CommutativeALL OTHER VIRTUES .
Morals Justice CJ Feedback on howwell your Only Negative Negative and Positiveperformanceaccords with the.
The special virtue Commutative justice Its rules are precise and accurate Only negative in two senses May be forced even among equals .
indispensible Admits of a flipside Liberty Grammarians all the ancientmoralists .
jurisprudenceGrammarians Jurisprudence By observing all the rules ofjurisprudence supposing them ever so.
perfect we should deserve nothing but tobe free from external punishment jurisprudenceGrammarians Casuistry.
of the middle and latter ages of the Christian church What seems principally to have given occasion to casuistry was thecustom of auricular confession introduced by the Roman Catholicsuperstition in times of barbarism and ignorance By auricularconfession the most secret actions and even the thoughts of every.
person which could be suspected of receding in the smallest degreefrom the rules of Christian purity were to be revealed to the confessor The confessor informed his penitents whether and in what respectthey had violated their duty and what penance it behoved them toundergo before he could absolve them in the name of the offended.
Deity 42 Highwayman To give a trite example a highwayman by the fear ofdeath obliges a traveller to promise him a certain sumof money Whether such a promise extorted in this.
manner by unjust force ought to be regarded asobligatory is a question that has been very muchdebated He devotes three pages to this Highwayman Government.
Cicero St Augustine pirate and Alexander story Algernon Sidney Locke The Second Treatise That the aggressor who puts himself into the state of war with another and unjustlyinvades another man s right can by such an unjust war never come to have a right over.
the conquered will be easily agreed by all men who will not think that robbers andpyrates have a right of empire over whomsoever they have force enough to master or that men are bound by promises which unlawful force extorts from them Shoulda robber break into my house and with a dagger at my throat make me seal deeds toconvey my estate to him would this give him any title Just such a title by his sword has.
an unjust conqueror who forces me into submission The injury and the crime is equal whether committed by the wearer of a crown or some petty villain The title of theoffender and the number of his followers make no difference in the offence unless it beto aggravate it The only difference is great robbers punish little ones to keep them intheir obedience but the great ones are rewarded with laurels and triumphs because they.
are too big for the weak hands of justice in this world and have the power in their ownpossession which should punish offenders Smith s conclusionOf the man who breaks the promise his character if not irretrievably stained and.
polluted has at least a ridicule affixed to it whichit will be very difficult entirely to efface and noman I imagine who had gone through anadventure of this kind would be fond of telling the Two relationships.
1 The equal equal relationship2 The superior inferior relationship Casuistry 10k Commandments Books of casuistry therefore are generally as useless as they are commonlytiresome None of their cases tend to animate us to what is generous and.
noble None of them tend to soften us to what is gentle and humane Many ofthem on the contrary tend rather to teach us to chicane with our ownconsciences and by their vain subtilties serve to authorise innumerableevasive refinements with regard to the most essential articles of our duty That frivolous accuracy which they attempted to introduce into subjects which.
do not admit of it almost necessarily betrayed them into those dangerouserrors and at the same time rendered their works dry and disagreeable abounding in abtruse and metaphysical distinctions Recall from WN innumerable delusions The new superstition.
Degovernmentalization Frankness and openness conciliate confidence We trust the man whoseems willing to trust us We see clearly we think the road by which hemeans to conduct us and we abandon ourselves with pleasure to hisguidance and direction Reserve and concealment on the contrary call.
forth diffidence We are afraid to follow the man who is going we do notknow where The great pleasure of conversation and society besides arises from a certain correspondence of sentiments and opinions from acertain harmony of minds which like so many musical instrumentscoincide and keep time with one another But this most delightful.
My contention: Smith opposed such rule making. ... who had gone through an adventure of this kind would be fond of telling the story.” ... Three moments of dissembling the true target. Infanticide ≈ slave trade. Highwayman ≈ government. The books of casuistry ≈ 10k Commandments (governmentalization) ...

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