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Who was Richard P Feynman American physicist born May 11 1918 in New YorkCity At age 10 started buying old radios to use in his personal lab a collection of electric gadgets components By age 12 he was fixing radios in his.neighborhood Physics BS MIT taught by J C Slater PhD 1942 Princeton taught by John Wheeler Thesis onadvanced waves which can be described as the theory ofelectromagnetic waves that travel backwards in time Also the path integral formulation of Quantum.Mechanics His first Princeton lecture on his thesis was interesting enough to draw an audiencethat included Einstein Pauli and von Neumann After his PhD he moved to Cornell in 1943 as professor of theoretical physics There he met Hans Bethe became involved in the Manhattan Project At the.newly constructed secret lab at Los Alamos he flouted military discipline with aseries of practical jokes tricks He was fond of pointing out the insufficiency ofthe security of the Los Alamos safes inside which the plans for the atomic bombwhere entrusted To emphasize his point he taught himself how to.open crack safes with results amusingly told inthe book Surely You re Joking Mr Feynman Tragically while he was working in secret at Los Alamos his first wife got sick died tuberculosis After the war he was invited as a visiting prof to the U .of Rio de Janeiro Brazil In 1950 he moved to Cal Tech He loved Brazil so much that one of his conditions for accepting the Cal Tech jobwas to be able to visit Brazil again While in Brazil he lectured about electromagnetismfor 10 months at the same time preparing to parade in the carnival of a samba school inCopacabana Rio de Janeiro There he also learned how to play the bongo. On returning to Cal Tech he worked on quantum electrodynamics developed rulesthat all quantum field theories must obey He also discovered how to renormalize thetheory of quantum electrodynamics also invented a pictorial way of representingquantum interactions now called Feynman diagrams Cartoon of Richard Feynman cracking a safe at Los Alamos. For these contributions for the renormalization of quantumelectrodynamics he shared the 1965 Physics Nobel Prize withShin Ichiro Tomonaga Julian Schwinger He also contributed tothe theory of nuclear interactions with Murray Gell Mann He was always concerned about physics education .During his visit to Brazil he evaluated theBrazilian educational system He was a memberof the council for evaluation of books of math physics for the public schools of California for 2years He invigorated undergraduate physics.education at Cal Tech where his years oflectures were edited collected into the 3 volume book The Feynman Lectures onPhysics which has become an inspirationfor students of physics ever since He also.published a number of popularizations ofphysics including QED The StrangeTheory of Light and Matter After the explosion of NASA s Space Shuttle Challenger he wasappointed by the President to the council investigating the causes of the.disaster In his usual brusque no nonsense style he cut through thebureaucracy identified the cause of disaster as the failure of an o ringseal in the unusually cold launch pad temperatures even dunking a similaro ring in a glass of ice water in front of other committee members toemphasize this . He was one of the first physicists to suggest what we now call nanotechnology he invented that term He also suggested quantum computing In the early 1980s he unfortunately developed an abdominal cancer After a five year fight he died in1988 at age 69 He was the recipient of numerous awards including the Albert Einstein Award 1954 Princeton .Lawrence Award 1962 He was a member of the American Physical Society the American Associationfor the Advancement of Science the National Academy of Science was elected a foreign member ofthe Royal Society London Great Britain in 1965 Among the many books he wrote were those that related a number of entertaining revealing short stories from hischildhood in his professional career These include the already mentioned bestselling autobiographical wor.Surely You re Joking Mr Feynman followed byWhat Do You Care what Other People Think The Meaning of It All Thoughts of a Citizen ScientistThe Pleasure of Finding Things Out.and Tuva or Bust Richard Feynman s Last Journey He also wrote several more technically oriented books but for the non scientist His idea was totry to get the non scientist to realize the beauty and the excitement of physics Among these are Six Easy Pieces and Six Not So Easy Pieces Some recordings audio video of him playing the bongos can be purchased .For example The Safecracker Suite Drumming andStory Telling by Richard FeynmanHe invigorated undergraduate physics education at Cal Tech, where his years of lectures were edited & collected into the 3-volume book The Feynman Lectures on Physics, which has become an inspiration for students of physics ever since. He also published a number of popularizations of physics, including QED: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter.