Morse Code 101 - EVARC

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Morse Code 101Introduction to Morse CodeEstes Valley Amateur Radio ClubDavid O Farrell WB IXVCopyright 2016.
First It s MORSE CODE NOT MORRIS CODE Morris is a catSamuel Fineley Breese Morse is given creditas the inventor of the telegraph and the code.
Alfred Vail was his Assistant What we will coverLearning Morse CodeSending Morse CodeA standard QSO.
Some Misc itemsMy Amateur Radio History First Licensed as a Novice in 1964 when I was 15 yearsold KN7YXOThat required a 5 wpm code test.
I upgraded to General Class in 1965 WA7COHThat required a 13 wpm code test from the FCCThere are actually two Morse codes American Morse International Continental Morse code.
Am I learning Morse Code or CW CW Continuous WaveWhy Morse Code Why not Phone It s Simple .
You can build a CW transmitter with just 17 parts Why else use Morse Code More Frequencies Low profile or Stealth operation Backpacking and Hiking.
It s FUN Hearing Impairments You will be special Learning the code The Right way.
Learning by sound from the start The Wrong wayLearning visually by memorizing a code tableLearning the code BIG MISTAKE memorizing a code table.
Best Way to Learn Aurally dits dahs Learn it by SOUNDNEVER Dots and Dashes and visuallyPractice both sending and receiving at thesame time .
Recordings Computer programs On the air code practiceWhat do you need to learn The Alphabet A to Z .
The numbers 0 to 9 Punctuation ProsignsAR AS SK CL K KN error Only 48 symbols .
What order to learn them in It really doesn t matter ARRL Handbook 1966 From the Instructograph Manual 1931 Factors in learning Morse Code .
Natural Ability 5 Psychology 10 Study and Practice 85 From the Instructograph Manual 1931 VITAL FACTORS of PRACTICE AND STUDY .
1 Psychological Attitude2 Regularity of Practice3 Timing of Characters4 Persistency Have a positive mental attitude .
It is easy for me to learn code I am doing it now Zen and the Art of Radiotelegraphy Carlo Consoli IK0YGJRelaxation Exercise to do before you start Recordings Records CD s cassette tapes .
Recordings CD s MP3 filesK7QO s Fists Code Course 50 free today VIS Amateur Supply KB6MT High Speed QSO training Computer programs.
G4FON Koch method Just Learn Morse There s an App for that Learning On the Air W1AW code practice.
Slow code at 5 7 1 2 10 13 15 wpmFast code at 35 30 25 20 15 13 10 wpmAlso available as mp3 downloadLearning On the Air Use of CW Filters DSP Selectivity .
Wide 2200 2500 Hz often SSB filter Use a Narrow filter 500 Hz Use Headphones ear phones ear buds Learning On the Air Read your manual .
i e AGC F should be in on an FT 840Know how to use reverse CW sidebandKnow how to change your sidetone pitchAn automatic DSP notch filter can remove the desiredsignal at the same time as it removes interfering signals.
Learning On the Air CW Ops Club www cwops orgCW Academy 3x a year 8 weeks Training is online Skype and on the airThree levels .
Beginners 10 wpm Intermediate 11 15 wpm Advanced 16 20 wpmHow long will this take Receiving Approximate.
Speed Learning Time5 wpm 30 hours10 wpm 60 hours15 wpm 95 hours20 wpm 150 hours.
Best to do daily short practice sessions No more than thirty minutes daily Two fifteen minute sessions daily bestMore frequent practice sessions are betterRepetition Repetition Repetition.
Writing in script is 50 faster than printingIf you miss a letter let it go Leave a space Otherwise you will miss the next 4 or 5 characters Your goal is instance recognition RELAX Take a deep breath .
If you are missing letters struggling etc Take a break This is a hobby not a job If you hit a plateau just keep practicing Some days you won t copy as fast as you previously did But at few days later you will be through the plateau.
Remember we are amateurs notprofessionals Copying code is a sub conscious mental process There really isn t a way to learn sub consciously other than practice .
Farnsworth method aka Farnsworth spacing The letters are sent at a higher wpm But the space between them is longer to make theoverall speed slower Always use the Farnsworth method or you will.
need to learn the code 3 or 4 times Koch MethodTraditionally Morse code has been taught by struggling through all thecodes at a slow speed and then slowly progressing towardhigher speeds .
Koch s method was invented by German psychologist Ludwig Koch inthe 1930s Koch s method on the other hand dictates that you should start learningat the desired speed but you start with only two characters Each sessionis five minutes long and whenever you get 90 or more correct you add.
another character G4FON Just Learn Morse utilizes Koch s method for teachingMorse code TIPS You May Hear From Hams You have to push yourself hard .
Don t push yourself too hard you ll burn out Use Code CD s Don t use code CD s use a computer programListen to CD s in the carDon t listen to CD s in the car it s dangerous .
TIPS You May Hear From Hams Never look at a chart when you practice Look at the chart to help you rememberLearn the code in groups of related soundsLearn the most frequently used letters first.
Try to copy code off the airDon t try to copy code off the air BEST TIPS on learning So different methods work for different people Try different ones to see what you like .
Sometimes a change in approach helps create variety BEST TIPS on learning Give extra attention to P Y J Z X Q and LThey are not so frequently used as the rest of the alphabet Printing or Writing copy .
You can print your copy up to about 10wpm Handwriting work up to about 30wpm Then use a keyboard or typewriter Mill for higher speeds Your Plan of Attack 1 Start with the CD.
2 If you wish use a computer program3 Then move to on the air copying SENDING MORSE CODESpacing or Timing VERY IMPORTANT if anyone isgoing to copy you .
A Dit is the basic element everything is measured with A Dah is the length of 3 dits The space between code elements is 1 dit The space between code characters letters is 3 dits The space between words is 7 dits .
Listening to properly sent code is the best way to learnthe correct spacingFIST Your distinctive rhythm when sending with a straight key LID A poor operator has a POOR FIST and poor operatingprocedures .
Ham Ham fisted Due to poor sending Learning to Send Morse Code Code Practice Oscillator CPO Straight key Paddle.
Forget trying to use a bug or a semi automatic keyat this point Sending Morse Code Code Practice Oscillator CPO Sending Morse Code Straight Key.
Your goal is Accuracy Beauty Speed Just in that order The motto of the FISTS telegraph club is Accuracy transcends Speed Practice sending using Panagrams.
The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog 35 letters While making deep excavations we found some quaintbronze jewelry 56 letters Adjusting and using a Straight Key.
Spacing Spring tension Sit upright with your arm inline with the key The knob should be about 18 inches from the table edge Use a relaxed grip.
The wrong way Single Lever Paddle GH GF501ADouble Lever PaddleSending Morse Code Keyer .
Speed with a Keyer is can be up to 60 wpm Sending Morse Code Keyer Modes Iambic Mode A Iambic Mode B.
Iambic keying Has nothing to do with the paddle It has towith the Keyer However Iambic sending requires a dual lever paddle .
Sending Morse CodeStandard Series of Dit s to the RightSeries of Dah s to the LeftUses a single or double paddleSending Morse Code.
Iambic Uses a Double Paddle Squeeze keying Iambic Mode A Checks for paddle inputs after the end ofeach dit or dah Sending Morse CodeIambic Uses a Double Paddle Squeeze keying.
Iambic Mode B Checks for paddle input during eachdit or dahSending Morse CodeUltimatic Will send dits and dahs according to the lastpaddle to be pressed .
Now that you can send and receive let s get onSide Tone from your TransceiverZERO BEAT aka SPOTTINGRIT Receiver Incremental TuningQ Signals .
To speed up the QSO To overcome language differencesQ Signals create question by adding QTH Location QRL I am busy.
QRM I am being interfered with hint Man Made QRN I am troubled by Static hint Natural QRP Reduce power QRO increase power QRS Send slower QRQ Send faster QRT Stop sending Quit.
QSY Change frequency QSB My signals are fadingAbbreviations Common ones used in QSOR received GM Good Morning.
FER for HW How copy TNX Thanks BTU Back to youWX weather CUL See you later73 Best regards 88 Love and KissesEEEEEEEE error C Correct Yes.
Prosigns procedure signals Sent as one CQ general to call to anyone DE From this is i e KB0WVH de WB0IXV K Go ahead and transmit OverKN same as K but for specific station.
AR End of message AS Wait Stand by SK End of transmission QSO Clear CL Closing station Going off the air BT or to separate thoughts like period.
SOS Emergency Signal Readability 1 5 Signal Strength 1 9 Tone 1 9 plus c k C Chirpy or Unstable.
K Key ClicksCut numbers 5NN instead of 599QRL is this frequency in use CQ CQ CQ DE WB0IXV WB0IXV K repeat up to 3 times .
WB0IXV WB0IXV DE N6UA N6UA KNQRZ WHO IS CALLING MEN6UA DE WB0IXV R GM GA GE TNX FER CALL URRST 599 599 QTH ESTES PARK CO ESTES PARK CO NAME IS DAVE DAVE HW AR N6UA DE.
WB0IXV DE N6UA R GM GA GE DAVE TNX FER CALL UR RST 578 578 QTH LOGAN UTAH LOGAN UTAH NAME DOUG DOUG HW AR WB0IXV DE N6UA KNN6UA DE WB0IXV R TNX DOUG FOR NICE RPT MY RIG IS A YAESU FT840 ANT IS A WINDOM HW .
AR N6UA DE WB0IXV KNWB0IXV DE N6UA R RIG HR IS KENWOOD ANT ISDIPOLE LAYING ON ROOF BK TO U WB0IXV DE N6UAN6UA DE WB0IXV R UR RIG IS DOING GOOD JOBHERE YOU HAVE FB SIG WX IS COLD TEMP IS 35 .
HW AR N6UA DE WB0IXV KNWB0IXV DE N6UA R ITS COLD HR IN UTAH TOO TEMPIS 15 BK TO U WB0IXV DE N6UA KNN6UA DE WB0IXV R OK TNX DOUG FOR REAL FBQSO HPE CU AGN GUD LUCK VY 73 GM GA GN .
SK N6UA DE WB0IXV K CL WB0IXV DE N6UA R 73 DAVE TNX FER QSO WB0IXVQSO Resources www fistsna orgOperating Op Aids Basic CW Operating Manual.
www skccgroup comCW Beginners CornerQSK Full Break In IMPORTANT Only send as fast as you can receive .
Only send as fast as the other operator is sending Ask them to slow down QRS 10 PSE if needed When selecting an operating frequency separate yourself150 to 500 Hz from other stations Groups with slow speed QRS code operators .
FISTS The International Morse Preservation Society7 028 7 048 7 118 10 118 14 058 21 058 21 185 and othersSKCC Straight Key Century Club7 055 7 120 10 120 14 050 21 050 and others.
ContestingCQ TEST CQ TESTWorking SplitDon t work too close to the band edge Morse Code 101.
Contact info WB IXV arrl net 970 577 7372Resources See handout.
Morse Express10691 E Bethany Dr Suite 800Aurora CO 80014 USAAmerican Morse – Morse’s Original code used by land line (railroads & Western Union). International (Continental) Morse code – used by commercial and amateur radio operators ... “It is easy for me to learn code; I am doing it now” ... Wait / Stand by. SK – End of transmission / QSO / Clear. CL – Closing station / Going off the air ...

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