Progressivism - lewisboe.com

Progressivism Lewisboe Com-ppt Download

  • Date:16 Jul 2020
  • Views:52
  • Downloads:0
  • Size:1.02 MB

Share Presentation : Progressivism Lewisboe Com

Download and Preview : Progressivism Lewisboe Com

Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : Progressivism Lewisboe Com


Transcription:

Progressivism Four Goals Caused by social upheavals Progressive Movement aimed to restore economic opportunitiesand correct injustices in American Life.
1 protecting social welfare 2 promoting moral improvement 3 creating economic reform 4 fostering efficiency Protecting Social Welfare.
Soften harsh conditions of industrialization Aimed to help the poor through community centers churches andsocial services YMCA opened libraries sponsored classes and built swimmingpools and handball courts.
Salvation Army fed people Florence Kelly improve lives of women and children Promoting Moral Improvement Morality held the key to improving the lives of poor people Improve social behavior.
Prohibition Banning of alcoholic beverages Undermining American morals Clash with immigrants customs cash checks serving meals Economic Reform.
Began to question capitalist economic system Looking at socialism Created uneven balance between business gov t and ordinary people Big business often received favorable treament from gov t officials andpoliticians.
Muckrakers wrote about the corrupt side of business and public life Fostering Efficiency Put faith in experts and scientific principles to make society and theworkplace more efficient Time and motion studies by Frederick Winslow Taylor.
Taylorism was applied to scientific management studies to see how quicklyeach task could be performed Caused high turnover due to injuries suffered Cleaning Up Local Government Political bosses rewarded their supporters with jobs and kickbacks.
and openly bought votes with favors and bribes Natural disasters play huge role Hurricane in Galveston TX horrible relief reforms Flood in Dayton OH lead to city council management Reform mayors.
Lowered transportation costs Eliminate greedy private business owners Citizens should play more active role Reform at State Level States passed laws to regulate railroads mines mills telephone.
companies and other large business Reform Governors Regulate big business Drive them out of politics Protecting Children.
End child labor Low skilled jobs less skilled worker Smaller tools Keating Owen Act prohibited transportation of goods over state lines thatwas produced by child labor.
Limit Working Hours Muller vs Oregon Said that women required the state s protection against powerful employers Reduced women s work hours Progressives also succeeded in winning workers compensation to aid.
the families of workers who were hurt or killed on the job Taft and Progressivism Becoming President Was Roosevelt s Secretary of War Picked to run against William Jennings Bryan.
Easily beat Bryan who was running for the 3rd consecutive time Early Stumbles Wanted to consolidate previous reforms Not very popular in the beginning Had trouble with members of his own party.
Tariffs and conservation become main focus Tariffs and Conservation Payne Bill H O R Lowered rates on imported manufactured goods Aldrich Bill Senate .
Made fewer cuts and increased many rates Payne Aldrich Tariff A compromise that only moderated the high rates of the Aldrich Bill Believed that Taft was straying from Progressivism Taft calls it the best tariff bill the Republicans had ever passed .
Taft appoints Richard A Ballinger as secretary of the interior Removed 1 mil Acre of forest and mining lands from the reserved list andreturned it to the public domain Split of the Republicans Two types of Republicans.
Progressives who wanted change and those who didn t Joseph Cannon Uncle Joe Speaker of House Chairman of House Rules Committee decides which bills Congress will Often ignored progressive bills With help from Dem Progressive Rep called for the entire House to.
elect the Committee on Rules and excluded the Speaker frommembership in the committee Bull Moose Party Roosevelt leaves office goes to Africa to hunt comes back to peoplewanting him back in office.
Decides to run for 3rd term Taft has advantage because he is incumbent His supporters relocate to areas where Roosevelt had supporters Progressive Republicans refuse to vote and create 3rd party Bull Moose Wanted direct election of senators and the adoption in all states of the initiative .
referendum and recall Agreed with women s suffrage workmen s compensation 8 hr workday min wage for women no child labor federal commission to regulate business Democrats get great chance to regain White House Nominate Woodrow Wilson as their candidate.
1912 Election Wilson runs on New Freedom idea Demanded stronger antitrust legislation banking reform and reduced tariffs Roosevelt and Taft fighting each other Don t interfere when your enemy is destroying himself .
Race between Roosevelt s progressivism Taft s conservatism andWilson s New Freedom Wilson wins election and Roosevelt defeats Taft as 3rd party candidate Teddy Roosevelt andthe Square Deal.
Square Deal It is the duty of the president to act upon the theory that he issteward of the people and to assume that he has the legal right todo whatever the needs of the people demand unless theConstitution or the laws explicitly forbid him to do it .
Square Deal described the various progressive reforms sponsoredby the Roosevelt Administration Using Federal Power Thought the U S required strong federal gov t Trusts legal body that would control stocks of a particular company.
Standard Oil Controlled about 4 5 of U S industries Lower prices to drive out competition then raise them after competition was Roosevelt attacks Northern Securities Company controllednorthwestern railroads .
Had Justice Department sue this company leading to it dissolving 1902 Coal Strike 140k coal miners in Penn strike for 20 raise 9 hr workday rightto form union Roosevelt invites both parties to White House.
Got 10 raise 9 hr workday Had to give up right to form union and the ability to strike for 3 years Federal gov t now expected to intervene in future strikes Railroad Regulation Roosevelt passes the Elkins Act.
Made it illegal for railroad officials to give and shippers to receive rebatesfor using particular railroads Hepburn Act 1906 Limited the distribution of free railroad passes used as bribery Gave commission the right to set max railroad prices.
Health Environment Food and Drugs The Jungle leads to Meat Inspection Act Dictated strict cleanliness requirements and the inspection of meat by the federal gov t Pure Food and Drug Act.
Halted the sale of contaminated foods and medicines Called for truth in labeling accurate labels Natural Resource Conservation Overuse of natural resources Deforestation excessive coal mines overgrazing plains.
Measures were taken Kept large pieces of federal land from being sold privately Mediation between conserved land and exploited land Funded large scale irrigation projects in the West Roosevelt on Civil Rights.
Failed to support civil rights for African Americans Did appoint African American to head of custom house in Charleston S C When Mississippi refused to acknowledge this Roosevelt shut their office down Dismissed African American regiment from army on suspicions of protectingsomeone in a murder case.
Fired back by inviting Booker T Washington to White House W E B Du Bois shows opposition Attacks Washington Says he accommodates segregationists Blames blacks for their poverty.
Urges them to accept discrimination Quote pg 325 Du Bois holds rally in Niagara Falls and forms the NAACP NationalAssociation for the Advancement of Colored People 6 000 members by 1914.
Progressive ideals focused on middle class whites Taft and Progressivism Becoming President Was Roosevelt s Secretary of War Picked to run against William Jennings Bryan.
Easily beat Bryan who was running for the 3rd consecutive time Early Stumbles Wanted to consolidate previous reforms Not very popular in the beginning Had trouble with members of his own party.
Tariffs and conservation become main focus Tariffs and Conservation Payne Bill H O R Lowered rates on imported manufactured goods Aldrich Bill Senate .
Made fewer cuts and increased many rates Payne Aldrich Tariff A compromise that only moderated the high rates of the Aldrich Bill Believed that Taft was straying from Progressivism Taft calls it the best tariff bill the Republicans had ever passed .
Taft appoints Richard A Ballinger as secretary of the interior Removed 1 mil Acre of forest and mining lands from the reserved list andreturned it to the public domain Split of the Republicans Two types of Republicans.
Progressives who wanted change and those who didn t Joseph Cannon Uncle Joe Speaker of House Chairman of House Rules Committee decides which bills Congress will Often ignored progressive bills With help from Dem Progressive Rep called for the entire House to.
elect the Committee on Rules and excluded the Speaker frommembership in the committee Bull Moose Party Roosevelt leaves office goes to Africa to hunt comes back to peoplewanting him back in office.
Decides to run for 3rd term Taft has advantage because he is incumbent His supporters relocate to areas where Roosevelt had supporters Progressive Republicans refuse to vote and create 3rd party Bull Moose Wanted direct election of senators and the adoption in all states of the initiative .
referendum and recall Agreed with women s suffrage workmen s compensation 8 hr workday min wage for women no child labor federal commission to regulate business Democrats get great chance to regain White House Nominate Woodrow Wilson as their candidate.
1912 Election Wilson runs on New Freedom idea Demanded stronger antitrust legislation banking reform and reduced tariffs Roosevelt and Taft fighting each other Don t interfere when your enemy is destroying himself .
Race between Roosevelt s progressivism Taft s conservatism andWilson s New Freedom Wilson wins election and Roosevelt defeats Taft as 3rd party candidate Women During theProgressive Era.
The Work Force Women not wealthy enough to fill stereotype roll Began to work for wages Southern women began to work on the farm Started to work in industry.
Least skilled positions Domestic jobs Cleaning babysitting etc Pushed for changes due to dangerous conditions long hours and low Began to attend women colleges.
Education marriage Wanting Suffrage National Association of Colored Women NACW Managed nurseries reading rooms and kindergartens Susan B Anthony.
Leading role in women s suffrage Men become worried of the woman s vote Prohibition and child labor laws 3 Part Strategy for Suffrage 3 different approaches.
Convince legislator to grant suffrage Worked in Wyoming Utah Colorado and Idaho Pursued court cases to test the 14th amendment Denying men the right to vote loss of representation Tested this by trying to vote.
Supreme Court said women are citizens but not all citizens have this right Pushed for Constitutional amendment Introduced but not successful in California Continuously voted down Imperialism.
Reasons for It Imperialism the policy in which stronger nations extend theireconomic political or military control over weaker territories 4 Reasons for Imperialism Global Competition.
Africa primarily controlled by Europe Japan Europe compete for China Desire for Military Strength America must match other militaries Construct 9 cruiser ships including Maine and Oregon making U S 3rd largest naval.
force in the world Thirst for new markets Cultural Superiority Rebellion of the Cubans U S held large interest in Cuba only 90 miles South of Florida .
Wanted to buy from Spain Spain wasn t having it Cubans rebel against Spain U S sides with Cuban people Revolt unsuccessful but abolition of slaves happened The Spanish American.
2nd War for Independence Anti Spanish revolts again in Cuba Joes Marti launched revolution in 1895 deliberately destroyingEddie Rickenbacker. Famous WWI fighter pilot. Racecar driver before war. Learned to fly on his own time. Fought the German “Flying Circus” led by the “Red Baron” Manfred von Richthofen. Engaged in 134 air battles and downed 26 enemy aircrafts

Related Presentations