Role of Regional Language Press in Growth of Journalism

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Role of Regional Language Press in Growth of Journalism What are regional newspapers A local newspaper serves a region such as a city or part of a largecity Almost every market has one or two newspapers that dominate GROWTH OF NEWSPAPERS IN THE REGIONAL.
Let us n6w take a brief look at the growth of newspapers in the majorregional anguages in India Prior to the publication of Dainlk Assamiya and The Assam Tribune Assam had no dailies whether in English or in Assamese except for thedaily Dainlk Batori of Jorhat which had a short run The Assamese daily .
Dainik Assamiya ceased publication in 1951 and a new Assamese daily Natun Assamiya under different ownership and management waslaunched Of weeklies and occasional publications however there havebeen several of which mention may be made of hadya the oldestAssamese language weekly of the state and Dekn from Gauhati Anom.
Sevak from Tezpur Sramik from Dibrugarh and Janmabhuml from Bengal may well claim credit for pioneering Indian journalism Besides Bengaliand English the first Persian newspaper the first Urdu newspaper and the firstHindi newspaper were all published in Bengal Journalism in the nprthemprovinces owes its early inspiration to Bengalis The efforts of Bengali enterprise.
in journalism can be traced to places like Benaras Allahabad Lahore and Karachi In 1937 when And Bazar Patrika started the English HinWan Standard the AmritaBazar Patrika brought out the Bengali Jagantar In 1939 two more dailies were started the Bharat founded by Makhan La1 Sen who had contributed substantially towards the establishment of Ananda Bazar.
Patrika and Krishak an organ of the Krishak Praja Party In 1941 A K Fazlur Huqstarted publication of the daily Navajug in Bengali and five years later the officialorgan of the Communist Party of India Swadhinata came on the scene along withthe Swaraj edited by Sri Satyendra Nath Mazumdar Besides Fazlur Haq s Navajug there were two other Bengali dailies edited by muslim.
editors published from Calcutta Azad founded and edited by Maulana Akram Khanin 1936 and H S Suhrawardhy s Ittebad published in 1947 which is no lmuslipublished from India Started by the Shramik Trust Society Lokasevak 1948 edited by Chakravortyis still being published So also Jsnasevak owned by Atulya Ghosh Today Ananda Buar Patr a andJugantar are the most popular Bengali newspapers .
Gujarati Gujarati journalism owes its origin to the enterprise of the leaders of the Parsicommunity The first Gujarati newspaper Bombay Samachar began its long career in1822 with a full fledged printing press complete with types The first Marathinewspaper was produced ten years later in a lithograph press .
Another paper which made an illustrious beginning was Jam e Jamsbed a Gujaratiweekh started by Pestonji Manakji Motiwala in 1831 After 1850 the development of Gujarati journalism was marked by the starting of anumber of papers many of which had a short life Other papers of that time areKheda Vartman started in Kaira in 1861 Surat Mitra started in 1880 and published.
till 1953 from Bombay Desh Mitra whkh was published from Surat between 1873and 1950 Kaiser i Hind a weekly started in 1880 and still in publication fromBombay Kathiawar Times started in 1888 and still being published from Rajkot Prajabandbu after a chequered career for long finally found stabilityunder the name of Gujarat Samachar Published from Ahmedabad it is.
the largest circulated Gujarati daily today In 1943 Sri Amritlal Sethstarted in Bombay Janmabboomi a Gujarati daily which also has a largecirculation Yet another group consists of the daily Prabhat the weeklyNav Saurashtra and the monthly Kumar owned by Shri KakalbhaiKothari Surat has two leading dailies Samachar started in 1922 by Sri.
M R Vidyarthi and Gujarati 1921 edited by Sri Ramanlal Chhotubhai Journalism in Kannada started around 1870 almost in all the regions It did notprosper because of political and administrative reasons Bombay Karnataka and theSouthern Maratha states were under the influence of Maharashtra rulers for aconsiderable time ln the southern Maratha states Marathi was imposed on the.
Kannada population because the ruler s mother tongue was Marathi Between 1880 and 1908 a number of newspapers in English and in Kannada madetheir appearance prominent among them was Desabhin ani edited by B Srinivasalyengar In 1908 the Mysore Legislative Council passed the Newspaper RegulationAct and soon after a Kannada weekly publication Uryodaya Pakasika published a.
report which incurred the displeasure of the Government Prompt action was takenand in protest most of the newspapers of Mysore closed down One of thesenewspapers which ceased to exist and never appearedaagain was the first Kannadadaily Bharati edited by Sri D V Gundappa Malayalam.
Started in Quilon as a weekly Malayalee is now published as a daily It was startedby K Ramakrishna Pillai but its reputation is associated with Madhava Warrier whoedited the paper for many years Special mention should be made of a fortnightlypublication Kayana Kaumudi started in 1905 which published news views and acorrespondence all in verse It is now published as a literary magazine by Sri P V .
Krishna Varrier from Kottakkal The Nmd DeepltP and Kerala Kerd edited byBallath Kunjunni Achan and Yogakesheman edited by V S Nambudripad were well known publications Papers which stood for social justice were Desabhimani editedby T K Madhavan the Sahodaran edited by Ayyappan of Cochin and Mithavadhi ofC Krish an of Calicut .
Malayalam The struggle for independence brought into being a number of dailies in the 1920s The most important of these is Mathrubhumi it started as a tri weekly in 1923 and isnow published as a daily and a weekly illustrated and commands great popularityin Kerala The paper was founded by K Madhavan Nari and P Achutan who gave.
up their practice as lawyers in Calcutta to join the non co operation movement Agreat name associated with the conduct of the paper is that of P Ramunni Menon The high traditions built up by him have been ably maintained by Sri K P KesavaMenon who has to his credit a long record of public service Bal Shastri Jambhekkar started the first Anglo Marathi paper the Bombay Durpun .
in 1832 as a fortnightly A few months later it was converted into a weekly Jamhhekkar later brought out a monthly Marathi magazine Dig Durshun May1840 In February 1849 Dhyan Prakash of Poona came into existence under theeditorship of Krishnaji Trimbak Ranade Started as a weekly it was converted into adaily in 1904 and under the editorship of the distinguished arathi novelist Hari.
Narayan Apte it rose to great heights The next Marathi daily to bc published from Bombay was Rashtramat edited byS K Damle and published hly the Rashtramata Publishing Company Ltd thisappeared in the first decade of the twentieth century It was the mouthpiece of theextremist party led by Bal Gangadhar Tilak Its sales went up rapidly as it covered.
extensively the well known Nasik Conspiracy case It fell a victim to the press Act of In 1923 Khadilkar started Navkal which is today the oldest marathi daily If A B Kolhatkar pupularised Marathi daily journalism Khadilkar may be said to have introduced modern methcds of production Lokasatta is the first Marathi daily to be published from Bomhay after independence It was started in 1948 by the Express Group with Sri T V Pargate as its first editor .
It steadily built up its circulation and today ranks among the major Marathi dailies along with Maharashtra Times and Sakal The Poona based Sakal was established in1931 by Dr N B Parulekar who graduated from the Columbia University USA andwas the first Indian to study journalism as a subject in the united States Sakal followed an entirely independent policy with the primary aim to educate the general.
public in the democratic values of life The Maharashtra Times was started in 1962by the Times of lridia group Within a brief period it earned a name because itconsistently tried to cater to the most diversified reader interests ike itscontemporary Lokasetta of the Indian Express Group the Maharashtra Times sharesall the editorial business and mechanical facilities of sister publications in the Times group .
Among the earliest Oriya newspapers Asha and Samaj stand prominent While Ashawas published as a weekly by Sashibhushan Dutt it was converted into a daily in1928 After a change in the proprietorship it was closed down in 1951 But it is nowbeing published as a weekly from Berhampur in the Ganjam district Samaj was established by the veteran politician Gapu Bandhu Das in 1928 as a.
weekly newspaper Later in 1931 a daily was also started A newspaper PrajaTantra was started under the guidance of Hare Krishna Mehtab the notedCongressman who later rose to such high political positions as the Union Ministerand the Chief Minister of Orissa Today Samaj and Praja Tantra are major Oriyanewspapers with a large circulation .
The birth of Punjabi newspapers may be traced to the decade of the 1850s with thepublication of English Punjabi dictionary and the castlng of the Gurmukhi type forthe first time in 1854 In the heginning of the 20th Century the use of Gurmukhitype was well established and Punjabi prose began to make good progress Newmagazines and journals appeared in large numbers Most of thcm appeared under.
the nfluence of the Singh Sabha Punjabi journalism entered a new phase with theAkali movement in 1920 when the first Akali paper was started The division ofPunjab dealt a heavy blow to Punjabi journalism in 1947 Lahore the centre ofPunjabi journalism was lost to Pakistan Many Gurmukhi papers and magazineswere uprooted Some of them rehabilitated themselves in a short time and othes were.
started Among the major Punjabi newspapers today are Ajit ALnli Patrika KhalsaSevak Prakash Newrn Hindustan Nawan Zamana Among the periodicals thelargest circulated one is the monthly magazine Preeth Lari from Amritsar Tamil is one of the oldest richest and the most highly cultivated of Dravidianlanguages of South India The first Tamil magazine was a monthly Tamil Patrika .
started in 183 1 The progress of the Tamil press was accelerated in the last decade oflthee 19th century with the starting of Swadesamitran in 1882 founded by the greatG Subramanya Aiyer who converted it into a daily in 1899 m next Tamil daily madeits mark only in 1917 entitled Desabhaktan but was forced to be closed down in1926 that year Tamil Nadu under Varadarajulu Naidu started as a daily But it was.
Swadesamitran which had the highest circulation thanks to its stalwart editor C R Srinivasan In 1936 the Indian Express group started Dinamani a daily inSeptember 1934 A N Sivaraman its editor spared no effort to make it a leadingI amil daily like Swadesamitran In Madurai a Tamil daily known as Dina Thanthi was born in 1940 Within a short.
time simultaneous editions were brought out from Madras Coimbatore Salem andTiruchirapalli Becoming immensely popular under the editorship of T R BheemSingh it overtook the two giants Swadesamitraa and Dinamani Among the Tamil weeklies it is Ananda Vikatan which achieved notable success Started in 1924 it has alwavs been identified with its founder editor S S Vasan The.
movie tycoon Kalki started by R Krishnamurti in 1941 1s another p opular Tamil eekly But the largest circulated Tamil weekly is Kumodum started in 1947 with aprint order of over four lakhs 1 he first newspaper in Telugu was Satyadoeta started in 1835 The renownedAndhra social reformer and literature Kandkuri Veerealingam Panthulu started.
Vivekavardhini in 1885 from Rajahmundry The first competing journal to this wasstarted by Kokkanti Venkatarathnam Danthulu this was Andhrabhasa Sanjivini In the beginning of the 20th century Pinja Subramanya Setty started a Telugu dailycalled Samadarshini It had a lively but brief existence A precursor of modernTelugu journalism was Janata launched by two eminent literati Viswanadha.
Satyanarayana and Ramakoteswara Rao An outstanding journalist in the Telugulanguage at that time was Desodharaka K Nageswara Rao Panthulu Anenterprising young man he migrated to Bombay where be built up a good business Ipatenting a pain balm known as Amrutanjan As he was deeply interested in theTelugu language he founded a Telugu weekly in Bombay entitled Andhra Patrika in.
I 1908 In 1914 Andhra Patrika was shifted from Bombay to Madras and came to beissued as a daily newspaper It was acclaimed Andhra s first successful daily paper In the Telangana area the first journal was Hitabodhini started in 1913 withSrinlvasa Sharma as its edltor The most Important journal was olkonda Patrikapromoted by Madapati Hanumantha Rao Panthulu Resides this many weckl es and I.
monthlies are published from the Telangana region of Adhra Pradesh The mostimportant Telugu journal to make its appearance in recent years ir Andhra Prabha It I was started inBetween 1880 and 1908, a number of newspapers in English and in Kannada made . their appearance, prominent among them was Desabhin~ani edited by B. Srinivasa . lyengar. In 1908, the Mysore Legislative Council passed the Newspaper Regulation . Act and soon after a Kannada weekly publication. Uryodaya Pakasika published a

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