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THE ELEMENTS OF The Elements of Drama The elements of drama are thefeatures that give drama uniqueshape and form .
Role and character are directed byfocus driven by tension madeexplicit in time place and situationthrough the use of staging structure language sound movement rhythm.
and moment to evoke atmosphereand symbol which together create The Elements of Drama The Bones of Drama Relationships Relationships are central to all.
dramatic action relationships between people the relationship between people and the relationship between people andthe environment.
Role and character Role Embracing a role involvesrepresenting a point of view and identifyingwith a particular set of values and attitudes When a role is assumed relationships can.
be established pivotal to dramatic actionsuch as relationships between people between people and ideas between peopleand the environment This negotiation ofthe situation and roles is an important and.
necessary phase in all drama Role and character Character Characterisation is theprocess of developing from a role tobuild complex personality and.
background for a particularcharacter Intention status andattitude are integral ingredients forthe character s motivation and belief Complexity in character can be.
developed through interaction andrelationship with others Tension is the force that drives the drama Tensioncreates a powerful and complex form of energy on stagewhich in turn generates a level of excitement in the audience .
There are four main types of dramatic tension 1 the tension of the task the creation of a problem or task that characters must completeby achieving a goal or not 2 the tension of relationships.
the development of relationships between characters andmanaging the relationships eg someone may change someonemay leave 3 the tension of surprise the creation of surprise where the characters and.
audience don t know what s ahead Suddenly thecircumstances unfold and a shock occurs 4 the tension of mystery the development of a notion of mystery with thecharacters and audience not knowing what it all.
means The action moves forward everythingbecomes clear In Drama Years 7 10 two types of focus aredeveloped The first point of focus is the performer s focus.
used to create and sustain concentration and The second type of focus refers to the pointwhere the dramatic action is directed Thefocus of any dramatic situation can be plannedto help frame the action and can be created by.
attention to space motifs props gestures eye contact language voice and contrasts As a drama progresses a sharp focus must be maintained otherwise the action will becomeblurred and the direction lost The following techniques could assist in maintaining clarity of focus Space Levels physical proximity and groupings are all means of focusing an action .
Motifs dramatic action will provide opportunities for characters to create things to do which canbe repeated regularly throughout the drama Once these patterns have been established a clearfocus for the action is ensured every time the character returns to the motif Props are often essential to the dramatic action when introduced they can serve to focus the Gesture any gesture which concentrates attention eg pointing facing the action touching .
helps to establish of focus Eye Contact between individuals and within groups is an important way of controlling andfocusing the action Language and Voice focus is determined not just by who is speaking but also by what is beingsaid and the way it is being said .
Contrasts focus is also achieved through contrasting images eg all performers moving quicklyexcept one who is still all performers speaking together softly except one who speaks above theothers all performers are in darkness except one who is in the light Time refers to the period in whichthe dramatic action can occur Time.
can remain constant or shiftdepending on the circumstances andcontexts of the drama Time affectsthe place and situation that thecharacters find themselves in .
Time Place Dramatists need to carefully choose the placewhere the action takes place as this can greatlyaffect the events and tensions within the drama Aspects of place include .
the range of characters closed and open settings contrasting settings messages of place Situation.
Situation refers to the circumstancesthe characters are in Characters andtheir relationships are shaped by thesituation The situation is alsocreated by the intentions or.
motivations of the characters Space refers to both the shape of thestage performance space and the spatialdesign contained in the performance space Awareness of spatial dynamics and spatial.
relationships within the design are essentialto the realisation of dramatic coherence Thephysicality of the performer s body in relationto other performers bodies and the spatialdesign of the stage constantly create.
meanings which are visually read orinterpreted by the audience Structure The structure is the frameworkthrough which the content of the.
drama is presented Structuralelements such as narrative and plotcan shape or order the nature of howthe dramatic message iscommunicated .
Narrative Drama is comprised of anarrative structure Plotlines The plotline carries the In drama we express our ideas ourfeelings and our needs to each other by .
the words we say the way we say them our body language In drama ideas feelings and needs areexpressed through verbal and non verbal.
language Dramatic action is enriched whenvocal and physical dynamics are carefully usedto reinforce and strengthen the language Sound incorporates many auraldevices to enhance performance .
create mood and establishatmosphere generate emotion andbuild dramatic tension Sounds maybe as diverse as the use of realisticsound effects music or soundscapes.
through to the use of bodypercussion images in action stillness and contrastMovement expresses action and .
like language is dictated bysituations roles and relationships Itcan be realistic or abstract Mood symbols and motifs can beexpressed in movement which can.
enrich the dramatic action andcreate powerful meanings Moments in the drama are fundamental tothe pacing of the dramatic action Thetempo which refers to the management of.
time in a broad sense is often punctuated bythe moment The precise use of time fromone moment to the next is called timing It isan integral factor in building dramatictension The control or manipulation of key.
moments affects the audience s engagementand understanding of the performance Rhythm is the manipulation of timingthrough pace and tempo It involvesan awareness of the internal.
patterns within the performance Rhythms are manipulated accordingto focus situations characters anddramatic tension which impacts onthe desired audience reaction .
Atmosphere or mood Atmosphere is the feeling or moodthat is created by and emergesthrough dramatic action It is closelylinked with tension as the tension in.
a drama builds so too does the moodand this strengthens the tension Drama appeals to the senses toevoke the atmosphere and theemotions to intensify the mood .
Symbols are what the drama makes youunderstand they sum up the meaningof the play sometimes even on asubconscious level Symbols can beexpressed through language .
movement visual images We can see symbol through gestures objects All this combines to make.
Dramatic Meaning In drama we are the creators Theelements are the bones which makeup the entire body of dramaticaction The story the situations the.
people and the tension which drivesit breathes life and spirit into our Dramatic meaning is what iscommunicated between the Audience engagement.
The level and type of an audienceresponse depends on the drama maker sawareness and control of the desiredactor audience relationship in relation tothe chosen form or style and within the.
context of the performance space Thepurpose of the performance impacts onthe type of audience engagementcreated from laughter to alienation andmakes clearer dramatic meaning .
The Elements of Drama. The elements of drama are the features that give drama unique shape and form: Role and character are directed by focus driven by tension, made explicit in time, place and situation through the use of staging, structure, language, sound, movement, rhythm and moment to evoke atmosphere and symbol, which together create dramatic meaning and audience engagement

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