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1.TIE DIP DYEWORKSHOPSMontgomery High School - Fashion Design
2.Today’s Objectives:• Students will understand the most common fabric dyeing techniquesand begin planning to create a custom tie dye piece.
3.Related TEKS(J) apply knowledge of fibers, fabrics, and design when evaluating anddesigning textile products by:(i) analyzing characteristics and properties of natural and manufactured fibers;(ii) describing methods of textile production; and(iii) assessing the effects of various environmental conditions on textiles; and
4.UPDATED Project Timeline• Wednesday – Prewash shirts and swatch prep• Thursday – Begin binding fabric• Friday – Finish binding fabric• Monday – Soda wash and dye MEET IN THE FOODS LABMonday Night – Cold water rinse till water runs clear, and hang to dry• Tuesday – Project pictures/grading• Wednesday – Projects taken home
5.Natural Fiber Fabric Production:Review• Fibers• Threads• Fabric (greige goods)
6.Greige Goodsa woven fabric as it comes fromthe loom and before it has beensubmitted to the finishingprocess.
7.Synthetic Fiber Fabrics• Filament dyed• Can be chemically dyed later, but will wash out (fade) over time
8.Many Dyed Yarns Woven Together
11.Types of Dyes
12.Common Natural Dyes• Orange: carrots, gold lichen, onion skins• Brown: dandelion roots, oak bark, walnut hulls, tea, coffee, acorns• Pink: berries, cherries, red and pink roses, avocado skins and seeds (really!)• Blue: indigo, woad, red cabbage, elderberries, red mulberries, blueberries, purple grapes, dogwoodbark• Red-brown: pomegranates, beets, bamboo, hibiscus (reddish color flowers), bloodroot• Grey-black: Blackberries, walnut hulls, iris root• Red-purple: red sumac berries, basil leaves, day lilies, pokeweed berries, huckleberries• Green: artichokes, sorrel roots, spinach, peppermint leaves, snapdragons, lilacs, grass, nettles,plantain, peach leaves• Yellow: bay leaves, marigolds, sunflower petals, St John’s Wort, dandelion flowers, paprika,turmeric, celery leaves, lilac twigs, Queen Anne’s Lace roots, mahonia roots, barberry roots,yellowroot roots, yellow dock roots
17.Low Immersion Dyes• Applied directly to sections of the garment• Rest in a Ziploc bag
20.Shibori Dye Techniques
21.Arashi (Pole Wrapping)
22.Mokume (Textured Stitching)
23.Kumo (Spider-Web Binding)
25.Itajime (Shape Resist)
26.Itajime (Shape Resist with Marbles)
27.Itajime(Shape Resistwith Clothespins)
28.Yanagi (Willow Tree Patterns)
30.Using Wax to Resist Dye
33.Common Methods• Bleach• Soda Ash• Sun Bleaching
36.Common Tie Dye Techniques
38.What to Dye?• T-shirt new or used (deodorant)• Pillowcase• Socks• 100% Cotton
39.Pre-Wash• Removes sizing and all other fabric finishes• Prepares fabric for dyeing
40.Binding• Be creative and consider applying more than one technique to yourpiece.• Arashi – bring your own PVC pipe• Itajime – bring your own wood/plastic shapes and clamp• Batik using dye resist – bring your own bottle
41.Soda Ash WashSoda ash changes the pH of the fiber-reactive dye and cellulose fiber sothat the dye reacts with the fiber, making a permanent connection thatholds the dye to the fiber.It actually activates the fiber molecules so that they can chemicallyattack the dye.
42.DyeWe will be using Tulip brand dye. Colorsare limited, so if you want a specific one,please buy your own dye refill like thisone.
43.Swatch Techniques• Natural dye (tea)• Rust dye• Batik• Mokume• Itajime• Discharging color
44.Review: UPDATED ProjectTimeline• Wednesday – Prewash shirts and swatch prep• Thursday – Begin binding fabric• Friday – Finish binding fabric• Monday – Soda wash and dye MEET IN THE FOODS LABMonday Night – Cold water rinse till water runs clear, and hang to dry• Tuesday – Project pictures/grading• Wednesday – Projects taken home